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The Book of Enoch

Edited into 21st Century American English from the 1917 translation by



 Edited by

Pamela Ayn Austen

Copyright 2018




Courses of the Heavenly Luminaries





1. The book of the courses of the luminaries of the heaven, the relations of each, according to their classes, their dominion and their seasons, according to their names and places of origin, and according to their months, which Uriel, the holy angel, who was with me, who is their guide, showed me; and he showed me all their laws exactly as they are, and how it is with regard to all the years of the world to eternity, until the new creation is accomplished which endures for eternity.


2. This is the first law of the luminaries: the luminary the sun has its rising in the eastern portals of the heaven, and its setting in the western portals of the heaven.


3. I saw six portals in which the sun rises, and six portals in which the sun sets and the moon rises and sets in these portals, and the leaders of the stars and those whom they lead: six in the east and six in the west, and all following each other in accurately corresponding order, and also, many windows to the right and left of these portals.


4. First there goes forth the great luminary named the sun, and his circumference is like the circumference of the heaven, and he is quite filled with illuminating and heating fire.


5. The chariot on which he ascends, the wind drives, and the sun goes down from the heaven and returns through the north in order to reach the east, and is so guided that he comes to the appropriate portal and shines in the face of the heaven.


6. In this way, he rises in the first month in the great portal, which is the fourth, those six portals in the cast.


7. In that fourth portal from which the sun rises, in the first month, are twelve window-openings from which proceed a flame when they are opened in their season.


8. When the sun rises in the heaven, he comes forth through that fourth portal thirty mornings in succession, and sets accurately in the fourth portal in the west of the heaven.


9. During this period the day becomes daily longer and the night nightly shorter to the thirtieth morning.


10. On that day, the day is longer than the night by a ninth part, and the day amounts exactly to ten parts and the night to eight parts.


11. The sun rises from that fourth portal, and sets in the fourth and returns to the fifth portal of the east thirty mornings, and rises from it and sets in the fifth portal.


12. Then the day becomes longer by two parts and amounts to eleven parts, and the night becomes shorter and amounts to seven parts.


13. It returns to the east and enters into the sixth portal, and rises and sets in the sixth portal one-and-thirty mornings on account of its sign.


14. On that day, the day becomes longer than the night, and the day becomes double the night, and the day becomes twelve parts, and the night is shortened and becomes six parts.


15. The sun mounts up to make the day shorter and the night longer, and the sun returns to the east and enters into the sixth portal, and rises from it and sets thirty mornings.


16. When thirty mornings are accomplished, the day decreases by exactly one part, and becomes eleven parts, and the night seven.


17. The sun goes forth from that sixth portal in the west, and goes to the east and rises in the fifth portal for thirty mornings, and sets in the west again in the fifth western portal.


18. On that day, the day decreases by two parts, and amounts to ten parts and the night to eight parts.


19. The sun goes forth from that fifth portal and sets in the fifth portal of the west, and rises in the fourth portal for one and thirty mornings on account of its sign, and sets in the west.


20. On that day, the day is equalized with the night, and becomes of equal length, and the night amounts to nine parts and the day to nine parts.


21. The sun rises from that portal and sets in the west, and returns to the east and rises thirty mornings in the third portal and sets in the west in the third portal.


22. And on that day, the night becomes longer than the day, and night becomes longer than night, and day shorter than day till the thirtieth morning, and the night amounts exactly to ten parts and the day to eight parts.


23. The sun rises from that third portal and sets in the third portal in the west and returns to the east, and for thirty mornings rises in the second portal in the east, and in like manner sets in the second portal in the west of the heaven.


24. On that day the night amounts to eleven parts and the day to seven parts.


25. The sun rises on that day from that second portal and sets in the west in the second portal, and returns to the east into the first portal for one and thirty mornings, and sets in the first portal in the west of the heaven.


26. On that day, the night becomes longer and amounts to the double of the day, and the night amounts exactly to twelve parts and the day to six.


27. The sun has (therewith) traversed the divisions of his orbit and turns again on those divisions of his orbit, and enters that portal thirty mornings and sets also in the west opposite to it.


28. On that night has the night decreased in length by a ninth part, and the night has become eleven parts and the day seven parts.


29. The sun has returned and entered into the second portal in the east, and returns on those his divisions of his orbit for thirty mornings, rising and setting.


30. On that day, the night decreases in length, and the night amounts to ten parts and the day to eight.


31. On that day, the sun rises from that portal, and sets in the west, and returns to the east, and rises in the third portal for one and thirty mornings, and sets in the west of the heaven.


32. On that day, the night decreases and amounts to nine parts, and the day to nine parts, and the night is equal to the day and the year is exactly as to its days three hundred and sixty-four.


33. The length of the day and of the night, and the shortness of the day and of the night, arise through the course of the sun and these distinctions are made.


34. So it comes that its course becomes daily longer, and its course nightly shorter.


35. This is the law and the course of the sun, and his return as often as he returns sixty times and rises, i.e. the great luminary which is named the sun, forever and ever.


36. That which rises is the great luminary, and is so named according to its appearance, according as the Lord commanded.


37. As he rises, so he sets and decreases not, and rests not, but runs day and night, and his light is seven-fold brighter than that of the moon; but as regards size, they are both equal.







1. After this law, I saw another law dealing with the smaller luminary, which is named the Moon.


2. Her circumference is like the circumference of the heaven, and her chariot in which she rides is driven by the wind, and light is given to her in measure.


3. Her rising and setting changes every month, and her days are like the days of the sun, and when her light is uniform, it amounts to the seventh part of the light of the sun.


4. She rises; and her first phase in the east comes forth on the thirtieth morning; and on that day, she becomes visible, and constitutes for you the first phase of the moon on the thirtieth day together with the sun in the portal where the sun rises.


5. The one half of her goes forth by a seventh part, and her whole circumference is empty, without light, with the exception of one- seventh part of it, the fourteenth part of her light.


6. When she receives one-seventh part of the half of her light, her light amounts to one- seventh part and the half thereof.


7. She sets with the sun, and when the sun rises, the moon rises with him and receives the half of one part of light, and in that night, in the beginning of her morning, in the commencement of the lunar day, the moon sets with the sun, and is invisible that night with the fourteen parts and the half of one of them.


8. She rises on that day with exactly a seventh part, and comes forth and recedes from the rising of the sun, and in her remaining days, she becomes bright in the thirteen parts.








1. I saw another course, a law for her, how according to that law, she performs her monthly revolution.


2. All of these Uriel, the holy angel who is the leader of them all, showed to me, and their positions, and I wrote down their positions as he showed them to me, and I wrote down their months as they were, and the appearance of their lights until fifteen days were accomplished.


3. In single seventh parts, she accomplishes all of her light in the east, and in single seventh parts accomplishes all of her darkness in the west.


4. In certain months, she alters her settings, and in certain months she pursues her own peculiar course.


5. In two months, the moon sets with the sun; in those two middle portals the third and the fourth.


6. She goes forth for seven days, and turns about and returns again through the portal where the sun rises, and accomplishes all her light; and she recedes from the sun, and in eight days enters the sixth portal from which the sun goes forth.


7. When the sun goes forth from the fourth portal, she goes forth seven days, until she goes forth from the fifth and turns back again in seven days into the fourth portal and accomplishes all her light; and she recedes and enters into the first portal in eight days.


8. She returns again in seven days into the fourth portal from which the sun goes forth.


9. Thus I saw their position, how the moons rose and the sun set in those days.


10. If five years are added together, the sun has an over-plus of thirty days, and all the days which accrue to it for one of those five years, when they are full, amount to 364 days.


11. The over-plus of the sun and of the stars amounts to six days; in 5 years 6 days every year come to 30 days, and the moon falls behind the sun and stars to the number of 30 days.


12. The sun and the stars bring in all the years exactly, so that they do not advance or delay their position by a single day unto eternity; but they complete the years with perfect justice in 364 days.


13. In 3 years, there are 1092 days, and in 5 years 1820 days, so that in 8 years there are 2912 days.


14. For the moon alone, the days amount in 3 years to 1062 days, and in 5 years she falls 50 days behind, i.e. to the sum (of 1770) there is to be added (1000 and) 62 days.


15. In 5 years, there are 1770 days, so that for the moon the days in 8 years amount to 2832 days.


16. For in 8 years, she falls behind to the amount of 80 days, all the days she falls behind in 8 years are 80.


17. The year is accurately completed in conformity with their world-stations and the stations of the sun, which rise from the portals through which it the sun rises and sets 30 days.








1. The leaders of the heads of the thousands, who are placed over the whole creation and over all the stars, have also to do with the four intercalary days, being inseparable from their office, according to the reckoning of the year, and these render service on the four days which are not reckoned in the reckoning of the year.


2. Owing to them, men go wrong therein, for those luminaries truly render service on the world-stations, one in the first portal, one in the third portal of the heaven, one in the fourth portal, and one in the sixth portal, and the exactness of the year is accomplished through its separate three hundred and sixty-four stations.


3. For the signs and the times and the years and the days, the angel Uriel showed to me, whom the Lord of glory has set forever over all the luminaries of the heaven, in the heaven and in the world, that they should rule on the face of the heaven and be seen on the earth, and be leaders for the day and the night, i.e. the sun, moon, and stars, and all the ministering creatures which make their revolution in all the chariots of the heaven.


4. In like manner, twelve doors Uriel showed me, open in the circumference of the sun's chariot in the heaven, through which the rays of the sun break forth, and from them is warmth diffused over the earth, when they are opened

at their appointed seasons,


5. For the winds and the spirit of the dew when they are opened, standing open in the heavens at the ends.


6. As for the twelve portals in the heaven, at the ends of the earth, out of which go forth the sun, moon and stars, and all the works of heaven in the east and in the west,


7. There are many windows open to the left and right of them, and one window at its season produces warmth, corresponding to those doors from which the stars come forth according as He has commanded them, and wherein they set corresponding to their number.


8. I saw chariots in the heaven, running in the world, above those portals in which revolve the stars that never set.


9. One is larger than all the rest, and it is that that makes its course through the entire world.








1. At the ends of the earth, I saw twelve portals open to all the quarters from which the winds go forth and blow over the earth.


2. Three of them are open on the face (i.e. the east) of the heavens, and three in the west, and three on the right (i.e. the south) of the heaven, and three on the left (i.e. the north).


3. The three first are those of the east, and three are of the north, and three after those on the left of the south, and three of the west.


4. Through four of these come winds of blessing and prosperity, and from those eight come hurtful winds; when they are sent, they bring destruction on all the earth and on the water upon it, and on all who dwell thereon, and on everything which is in the water and on the land.


5. The first wind from those portals, called the east wind, comes forth through the first portal which is in the east, inclining towards the south; from it come forth desolation, drought, heat, and destruction.


6. Through the second portal in the middle comes what is fitting, and from it there come rain and fruitfulness and prosperity and dew; and through the third portal which lies toward the north come cold and drought.


7. After these come forth the south winds through three portals; through the first portal of them inclining to the east comes forth a hot wind.


8. Through the middle portal next to it there come forth fragrant smells and dew and rain and prosperity and health.


9. Through the third portal lying to the west come forth dew and rain, locusts and desolation.


10. After these the north winds from the seventh portal in the east come dew and rain, locusts and desolation.


11. From the middle portal come in a direct direction health and rain and dew and prosperity; and through the third portal in the west come cloud and hoar-frost and snow and rain and dew and locusts.


12. After these four are the west winds, through the first portal adjoining the north come forth dew and hoar-frost and cold and snow and frost.


13. From the middle portal come forth dew and rain, and prosperity and blessing; and through the last portal which adjoins the south come forth drought and desolation, and burning and destruction.


14. The twelve portals of the four quarters of the heaven are completed, and all their laws and all their plagues and all their benefactions have I shown to you, my son Methuselah.







1. The first quarter is called the east, because it is the first; and the second, the south, because the Most High will descend there, yes, there in quite a special sense will He who is blessed forever descend.


2. And the west quarter is named the diminished, because there all the luminaries of the heaven wane and go down.


 3. And the fourth quarter, named the north, is divided into three parts: the first of them is for the dwelling of men; and the second contains seas of water, and the abysses and forests and rivers and darkness and clouds; and the third part contains the garden of righteousness.


4. I saw seven high mountains, higher than all the mountains which are on the earth, and from there comes forth hoar-frost, and days, seasons, and years pass away.


5. I saw seven rivers on the earth larger than all the rivers, one of them coming from the west pours its waters into the Great Sea.


6. These two come from the north to the sea and pour their waters into the Erythraean Sea in the east.


7. The remaining four come forth on the side of the north to their own sea, two of them to the Erythraean Sea, and two into the Great Sea and discharge themselves there, and some say into the desert.


8. Seven great islands I saw in the sea and in the mainland: two in the mainland and five in the Great Sea.







1. The names of the sun are the following: the first Orjârês, and the second Tômâs.


2. The moon has four names: the first name is Asônjâ, the second Eblâ, the third Benâsê, and the fourth Erâe.


3. These are the two great luminaries. Their circumference is like the circumference of the heaven, and the size of the circumference of both is alike.


4. In the circumference of the sun, there are seven portions of light which are added to it more than to the moon, and in definite measures it is transferred until the seventh portion of the sun is exhausted.


5. They set and enter the portals of the west, and make their revolution by the north, and come forth through the eastern portals on the face of the heaven.


6. When the moon rises, one-fourteenth part appears in the heaven, the light becomes full in her, and on the fourteenth day, she accomplishes her light.


7. Fifteen parts of light are transferred to her until the fifteenth day when her light is accomplished, according to the sign of the year, and she becomes fifteen parts, and the moon grows by fourteenth parts.


8. In her waning, decreases on the first day to fourteen parts of her light, on the second to thirteen parts of light, on the third to twelve, on the fourth to eleven, on the fifth to ten, on the sixth to nine, on the seventh to eight, on the eighth to seven, on the ninth to six, on the tenth to five, on the eleventh to four, on the twelfth to three, on the thirteenth to two, on the fourteenth to the half of a seventh, and all her remaining light disappears wholly on the fifteenth.


9. In certain months, the month has twenty-nine days and once twenty-eight.


10. Uriel showed me another law when light is transferred to the moon, and on which side it is transferred to her by the sun.


11. During all the period during which the moon is growing in her light, she is transferring it to herself when opposite to the sun, during fourteen days her light is accomplished in the heaven, and when she is illumined throughout, her light is accomplished full in the heaven.


12. On the first day, she is called the new moon, for on that day the light rises upon her.


13. She becomes full moon exactly on the day when the sun sets in the west, and from the east she rises at night, and the moon shines the whole night through until the sun rises over against her and the moon is seen over against the sun.


14. On the side from where the light of the moon comes forth, there again she wanes until all the light vanishes and all the days of the month are at an end, and her circumference is empty, void of light.


15. Three months she makes of thirty days, and at her time she makes three months of twenty-nine days each in which she accomplishes her waning in the first period of time, and in the first portal for one hundred and seventy-seven days.


16. In the time of her going out, she appears for three months of thirty days each, and for three months she appears of twenty-nine each.


17. At night she appears like a man for twenty days each time, and by day she appears like the heaven, and there is nothing else in her save her light.







1. Now, my son, I have shown you everything, and the law of all the stars of the heaven is completed.


2. He showed me all the laws of these for every day, and for every season of bearing rule, and for every year, and for its going forth, and for the order prescribed to it every month and every week.


3. The waning of the moon which takes place in the sixth portal, for in this sixth portal, her light is accomplished, and after that, there is the beginning of the waning.


4. The waning which takes place in the first portal in its season, until one hundred and seventy-seven days are accomplished, reckoned according to weeks, twenty-five weeks and two days.


5. She falls behind the sun and the order of the stars exactly five days in the course of one period and when this place which you see has been traversed.


6. Such is the picture and sketch of every luminary which Uriel the archangel, who is their leader, showed me.







1. In those days, the angel Uriel answered and said to me, “Behold, I have shown you everything, Enoch, and I have revealed everything to you that you should see this sun and this moon, and the leaders of the stars of the heaven and all those who turn them, their tasks and times and departures.



Perversion of Nature and the heavenly Bodies owning to the Sin of Men



2. In the days of the sinners, the years shall be shortened, and their seed shall be tardy on their lands and fields, and all things on the earth shall alter and shall not appear in their time, and the rain shall be kept back and the heaven shall withhold.


3. In those times, the fruits of the earth shall be backward and shall not grow in their time, and the fruits of the trees shall be withheld in their time.


4. The moon shall alter her order, and not appear at her time.


5. In those days, the sun shall be seen and he shall journey in the evening on the extremity of the great chariot in the west, and shall shine more brightly than accords with the order of light.


6. Many chiefs of the stars shall transgress the order, and these shall alter their orbits and tasks, and not appear at the seasons prescribed to them.


7. The whole order of the stars shall be concealed from the sinners, and the thoughts of those on the earth shall err concerning them, and they shall be altered from all their ways, yes, they shall err and take them to be gods.


8. And evil shall be multiplied upon them, and punishment shall come upon them so as to destroy all.”








1. He said to me, “Observe, Enoch, these heavenly tablets, and read what is written, and mark every individual fact.”


2. I observed the heavenly tablets and read everything which was written, and I understood everything, and I read the book of all the deeds of mankind, and of all the children of flesh that shall be upon the earth to the remotest generations.


3. I blessed the great Lord the King of glory forever, in that He has made all the works of the world, and I extolled the Lord because of His patience, and blessed Him because of the children of men.


4. After that I said, “Blessed is the man who dies in righteousness and goodness, concerning whom there is no book of unrighteousness written, and against whom no day of judgement shall be found.”


5. Those seven holy ones brought me and placed me on the earth before the door of my house, and said to me, ”Declare everything to your son Methuselah, and show to all your children that no flesh is righteous in the sight of the Lord, for He is their Creator.


6. One year we will leave you with your son until you give your commands, that you may teach your children and record it for them, and testify to all your children; and in the second year, they shall take you from their midst.


7. Let your heart be strong, for the good shall announce righteousness to the good; the righteous with the righteous shall rejoice, and shall offer congratulation to one another.


8. But the sinners shall die with the sinners, and the apostate go down with the apostate.


9. Those who practice righteousness shall die on account of the deeds of men, and be taken away on account of the doings of the godless.”


10. And in those days, they ceased to speak to me, and I came to my people, blessing the Lord of the world.








1. Now, my son Methuselah, all these things I am recounting to you and writing down for you, and I have revealed to you everything, and given you books concerning all these; so preserve, my son Methuselah, the books from your father's hand, and that you deliver them to the generations of the world.


2. I have given Wisdom to you and to your children, and your children that shall be to you, that they may give it to their children for generations, this wisdom that passes their thought.


3. Those who understand it shall not sleep, but shall listen with the ear that they may learn this wisdom, and it shall please those that eat thereof better than good food.


4. Blessed are all the righteous, blessed are all those who walk in the way of righteousness and sin not as the sinners in the reckoning of all their days in which the sun traverses the heaven, entering into and departing from the portals for thirty days with the heads of thousands of the order of the stars, together with the four which are intercalated which divide the four portions of the year, which lead them and enter with them four days.


5. Owing to them, men shall be at fault and not reckon them in the whole reckoning of the year; yes, men shall be at fault, and not recognize them accurately.


6. For they belong to the reckoning of the year and are truly recorded forever, one in the first portal and one in the third, and one in the fourth and one in the sixth, and the year is completed in three hundred and sixty-four days.


7. The account is accurate and the recorded reckoning exact; for the luminaries and months and festivals and years and days has Uriel shown and revealed to me, to whom the Lord of the whole creation of the world has subjected the host of heaven.


8. He has power over night and day in the heaven to cause the light to give light to men: sun, moon, and stars, and all the powers of the heaven which revolve in their circular chariots.


9. These are the orders of the stars which set in their places, and in their seasons and festivals and months.


10. These are the names of those who lead them, who watch that they enter at their times, in their orders, in their seasons, in their months, in their periods of dominion, and in their positions.


11. Their four leaders who divide the four parts of the year enter first; and after them, the twelve leaders of the orders who divide the months; and for the three hundred and sixty days, there are heads over thousands who divide the days; and for the four intercalary days, there are the leaders which sunder the four parts of the year.


12. These heads over thousands are intercalated between leader and leader, each behind a station, but their leaders make the division. And these are the names of the leaders who divide the four parts of the year which are ordained: Mîlkî’êl, Hel’emmêlêk, and Mêl’êjal, and Nârêl.


13. The names of those who lead them: Adnâr’êl, and Îjâsûsa’êl, and ’Elômê’êl; these three follow the leaders of the orders,


14. And there is one that follows the three leaders of the orders which follow those leaders of stations that divide the four parts of the year.


15. In the beginning of the year, Melkejâl rises first and rules, who is named Tam’âinî and sun, and all the days of his dominion while he bears rule are ninety-one days.


16. These are the signs of the days which are to be seen on earth in the days of his dominion: sweat and heat and calms; and all the trees bear fruit, and leaves are produced on all the trees, and the harvest of wheat, and the rose-flowers, and all the flowers which come forth in the field, but the trees of the winter season become withered.


17. These are the names of the leaders which are under them: Berka’êl, Zêlebs’êl, and another who is added, a head of a thousand, called Hîlûjâsĕph; and the days of the dominion of this leader are at an end.


18. The next leader after him is Hêl’emmêlêk, whom one names the shining sun, and all the days of his light are ninety-one days.


19. These are the signs of his days on the earth: glowing heat and dryness, and the trees ripen their fruits and produce all their fruits ripe and ready, and the sheep pair and become pregnant, and all the fruits of the earth are gathered in, and everything that is in the fields and the wine-press; these things take place in the days of his dominion.


20. These are the names and the orders and the leaders of those heads of thousands: Gîdâ’îjal, Kê’êl, and Hê’êl, and the name of the head of a thousand which is added to them, Asfâ’êl’; and the days of his dominion are at an end.

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